Varicocele and Asthenoteratozoospermia

ben bunting BA(Hons) PgCert Sport & Exercise Nutriton  Written by Ben Bunting: BA(Hons), PGCert.


Asthenozoospermia is a disorder where sperm are unable to fertilize an egg. This condition makes it difficult for sperm to penetrate cervical mucus and travel to the female uterus. After entering the uterus, the sperm must then penetrate the ovum in order to fertilize it. Men with kidney diseases or cystic fibrosis are more likely to suffer from this condition. In some cases, the condition can be corrected by artificial insemination, which uses sperm from a donor. However, this method is only recommended for women under 35 without infertility problems.

Varicocele Explained

Varicocele is a condition in which veins in the scrotum are swollen and enlarged. These veins carry blood from the testicles to the heart. If the blood returns too slowly, it can accumulate in the veins and cause them to swell. The result is a varicocele.

Varicocele is a common condition in men. It usually develops slowly, usually on the left side of the scrotum. However, if it suddenly appears in an older man, it may be caused by a tumor in the kidney that is blocking blood flow to the vein. If this occurs, treatment is needed immediately.

If left untreated, varicoceles can lead to problems such as infertility. Symptoms of varicocele include aching or dull pain. In men, the pain may be more severe if the affected area is often exposed to heavy lifting. Some men have reported decreased fertility due to varicoceles. The abnormal veins can interfere with sperm production. But, more than half of men who have this condition will recover their sperm count.

Surgery is the most common treatment for varicocele. In this surgical procedure, a small incision is made in the groin area. The surgeon will cut the veins that feed blood to the testicles. The remaining veins are left alone. This surgery is usually done as an outpatient procedure under general or local anesthesia. The procedure is done by a urologist who specializes in male reproductive organs. Afterward, patients are generally able to return to work and engage in sexual activities. Although varicocele surgery is not a cure for varicocele, it will eliminate pain associated with varicoceles.

What is Asthenoteratozoospermia?

Astenoteratozoospermiacea, or asthenozoospermia, is a genetic disorder that affects the flagella in sperm. It occurs when there is a decreased proportion of flagella, which is an important feature for sperm to fertilize the egg. Because of this defect, the sperm cannot fertilize the egg. Aside from affecting the quality of sperm, asthenoteratozoospermia is also associated with several morphological abnormalities of the flagella.

If sperm do not reach the egg properly, you may be unable to conceive. In this case, your doctor may suggest a fertility treatment called intrauterine insemination (IUI), in which sperm are deposited at the top of the uterus just before ovulation. Another option is artificial insemination with donor sperm.

Asthenozoospermia is a condition where sperm motility decreases significantly. A decrease of more than 32% is considered normal. However, if you notice a significant decrease between two seminograms, then you have asthenozoospermia. The sperm must travel a long distance to reach the egg.

A variety of factors influence sperm motility and morphology. Genetic defects can impair sperm function and structure. Potassium channels play a key role in sperm structure and motility. In mice, mutations in potassium channel subfamily U1 (also known as SLO3) result in defects in sperm motility and fertility.

The risk of asthenospermia has been correlated with the consumption of dairy products and related nutrients. However, there is a lack of research to confirm a causal relationship between dairy consumption and the development of (Oligoasthenoteratozoospermia) OAT. However, studies have shown that men with high intakes of dairy products are more likely to develop asthenoteratozoospermia.

Men with OAT may have low sperm counts, poor movement, and abnormal sperm shape. These issues can affect fertility and lead to infertility. Fortunately, if the other parameters of the semen are normal, men with OAT can achieve natural pregnancy. In the meantime, they can follow a series of medical tips to improve their sperm morphology index.

Does Varicocele Cause Asthenoteratozoospermia?

Varicocele is a condition in which the veins of the testicles do not regulate blood flow properly. It usually affects the left testicle and occurs during puberty. The condition can lead to high blood temperatures and damaged sperm.

Varicocele causes oligoasthenoteratozoospermia

If you have varicocele, you're at high risk of not having enough sperm to conceive. Luckily, it's treatable with surgery. This procedure will remove the varicose structure, allowing sperm to pass through. However, it may have negative side effects.

The causes of varicocele are unclear, but they may involve malfunctioning vein valves. A faulty valve can cause blood to back up in the vein network. This causes the veins to widen. Because the blood is oxygen-depleted, the widening process causes varicocele. Fortunately, there aren't many known risk factors for this disorder.

Varicocele ligation improves sperm parameters

The aim of this study was to assess the impact of varicocele ligation on the parameters of semen in men with varicocele. DNA fragmentation index (DFI) levels were analyzed using a chromatin structure assay, as this parameter represents the degree of DNA damage that is present in sperm.

Sperm morphology was evaluated in five of seven studies, and the result showed that varicocele ligation improved sperm parameters in 2.73% of the cases. These findings suggest that varicocele repair may improve certain sperm parameters, such as motility and concentration. However, there is limited literature regarding the morphological characteristics of sperm resulting from varicocele repair by radiological intervention.

Varicocele repair causes Asthenoteratozoospermia

Varicocele is a common male pathology, with incidence increasing among infertile men. However, it does not always affect spermatogenesis. Only about 20% of men with documented varicoceles experience problems with fertility. While there is some interest in identifying the causes of varicocele, its true significance remains unclear. However, patients with oligospermia or infertility for more than two years may benefit from a clinical treatment for varicocele.

Varicoceles increase the temperature of the testicle, affecting the development of sperm. This in turn lowers testosterone levels, a male hormone essential for sperm development. The result is reduced sperm production and, in some cases, abnormal sperm. The increased temperature is believed to trigger the production of reactive oxygen species, which cause damage to sperm DNA and membrane.

Varicocele ligation affects testosterone production

Varicocele ligation is a surgical procedure that helps men with varicocele increase their testosterone production. This condition, caused by enlargement of the veins in the scrotum, can impair the Leydig cells, which regulate testosterone production. Although the exact mechanism of varicocele repair is unknown, previous studies have demonstrated its effects on Leydig cell function and dysfunction.

In one study, researchers created a simulated varicocele in rats and performed an artery-ligating varicocele repair six weeks later. They then compared the testicular function of rats after EV versus artery-preserving varicoceles. The study also compared the results of artery-preserving varicocele repair versus artery-ligating varicocelectomy.

Men with varicocele are at risk for infertility

Varicocele is a condition in which the spermatic cord, a bundle of blood vessels that runs from the vas deferens to the testicle, becomes swollen and blocked. This can lead to infertility. Surgery for varicocele can remove the affected blood vessels and improve fertility. This surgery is often an outpatient procedure and is performed under general or local anesthesia. The doctor may use a technique called embolization, which involves the use of fluid or coils to block the blood flow.

In some men, varicocele can result in infertility, but surgical repair can restore testicular function. While the procedure is not 100% successful, it can help improve sperm motility and concentration. In men who are at high risk for infertility, surgical repair may provide a solution.


There are a variety of treatments to alleviate infertility. They can vary in cost and how invasive they are. 

Natural remedies

Asthenoteratozoospermia is a condition in which the sperm count is less than the normal number and quality. Other symptoms include abnormal shape, low volume, and poor motility. This condition is often treated with homeopathic remedies.

This condition is caused by inflammation of the reproductive organs and may result in pain, discomfort, or infertility. Tests may reveal an excess of leukocytes, defined as more than one million particles per ml of ejaculate. It is important to distinguish asthenoteratozoospermia from leukospermia, which is a different condition.

Sperm count can be improved by increasing the intake of folic acid. Taking this remedy regularly for about four months can result in a sperm count of 1 million or more.

Other vitamins, minerals and amino acids can also improve overall sperm health. There's evdience demonstrating that Ayurvedic medicinal practices present positive outcomes for fertility.

Vitamin A can help with sperm motility. Vitamin A plays an important role in adult spermatogenesis. It regulates the growth of germ cells by mediating the action of testosterone and FSH. Retinoic acid receptor alpha (RARa) is involved in sperm development, and disrupting its function can lead to primary male subfertility. Vitamin A treatment may help to decrease oxidative stress in the semen of men with varicocele.

Vitamins can also improve sperm motility and concentration. The vitamins are effective in increasing total motile sperm count, which is calculated by the volume of ejaculate, sperm concentration, and the percentage of sperm that is progressive.

The benefits of natural treatments are that they are non-invasive and completely natural.


Asthenozoospermia is a condition that prevents sperm from reaching the female uterus. Sperm must penetrate cervical mucus and travel to the uterus to fertilize the egg. It is particularly common in men with cystic fibrosis and kidney diseases. This condition is treatable with artificial insemination, a method that uses donor sperm. Women suffering from this condition should be under 35 years of age and should not have any previous infertility problems.

This condition can be difficult to diagnose before conventional insemination because of the cumulus cells surrounding the oocyte. In contrast, when IVF and ICSI are combined, the fertility rates of the two treatments are the same, regardless of the morphology of the sperm.

There are several treatments for asthenozoospermia. For example, pharmacological treatment is available to help slow the sperm's slow motility. However, this treatment must be used in conjunction with other fertility treatments, and a healthy lifestyle is also a necessity.

Using testicular platelet-rich plasma (TRP) is an experimental treatment that can be performed on infertile men. It is a concentrated blood product that contains a high percentage of biomolecules. Moreover, it has regenerative and healing properties. In IVF and ICSI, testicular platelet-rich plasma is used to increase the number of active sperm in ejaculate.

Conventional IVF for patients with teratozoospermia is usually successful. However, the sperm concentration and motility must be normal to ensure successful fertilization. Many studies, however, have used different individuals and indices and are not directly comparable. In addition, the outcome of the pregnancy and spontaneous abortion is not known. 

Other Causes

Hormonal disorders

Athenoteratozoospermia is an infertile condition in which the sperm is characterized by decreased motility, reduced sperm count, and abnormal morphology. This condition may be caused by hormonal imbalances that result from a variety of causes.

The study included 97 patients and 50 controls, who had been admitted for infertility or male infertility. The study subjects' clinical characteristics after three months of FSH treatment were summarized in Table 1. The treatment group showed significant increases in total sperm count and sperm motility. Moreover, the treatment group showed a significant decrease in the proportion of immotile sperms.

The causes of asthenoteratozoospermia include hormonal imbalances and unhealthy lifestyles. The doctor should analyze the results of the sperm analysis along with other tests to rule out other potential causes. This will enable him to coordinate the treatment process with an obstetrician to evaluate the patient's fertility. In addition, he or she should coordinate with an obstetrician to ensure that the sperm are suitable for conception.

Asthenozoospermia is a serious issue related to male infertility. Seeing a fertility doctor is vital for proper diagnosis and management. A healthy lifestyle is also an important part of maintaining a normal testosterone level.

Diabetes mellitus

Diabetes and astenoteratozoospermia are two conditions that affect spermii. Both conditions impair the activity of the spermii and affect the production of energy. The presence of both conditions can also negatively affect the production of vitamin B9 a E.

The main parameter for mitochondrial function and sperm motility is the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP). Low MMP is a marker for decreased motility. Patients with diabetes also have low MMP levels, and reduced sperm motility. Diabetic patients also show increased percentages of spermatozoa with DNA fragmentation.

Diabetes insipidus can be caused by an insufficient amount of insulin in the blood. The insulin produced by the pancreas is inadequate. The result is glucose in the blood. The condition affects a number of organs, including the kidneys.

One study conducted in mice found a relationship between diabetes and infertility. It was published in the journal Reproduction in 2006. The results suggested that a diet rich in carbohydrates, sugar, and protein affects sperm levels. Several other studies have shown that diabetes and obesity may affect the levels of these hormones in the blood and urine.

The study's findings suggest a direct link between diabetes and fertility. The prevalence of type 1 and type 2 diabetes is closely linked with declining fertility. Both types of diabetes affect an alarming number of children and adolescents.


Men who suffer from male infertility often have underlying health problems. They may have an increased risk of cancer and a shorter life span. General practitioners are an important resource to help men maximize their fertility potential and improve their overall health.

Male infertility can be caused by a variety of problems, including genetic conditions and systemic and neurological disorders. Some of these issues can prevent sperm from developing properly in the testicles. Other causes of male infertility include unhealthy lifestyle habits and certain types of infections.

In addition to asthenozoospermia, other causes of male infertility include vasectomy, scrotal or testicular surgery, or cancer surgery. Exposure to certain industrial chemicals and heavy metals can also impair sperm production. Furthermore, some medications, including testosterone replacement therapy, can reduce sperm production.

Genetic tests can help identify the underlying cause of male infertility. Y-CMs, or Y-chromosome microdeletions, are increasingly important genetic causes of male infertility. YCMs occur in about five percent of azoospermic and oligozoospermic men. They are caused by de-novo microdeletions, which indicate instability of the Y chromosome.

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